recorded that Egypt was the first country to dig a canal across its
land with a view to activate world trade.
The first canal was dug under the reign of SENA USRET III, Pharaoh of
Egypt (1887-1849 BC) linking the Mediterranean Sea in the north with
the Red sea in the south via the river Nile and its branches.
The Canal was successfully reopened to navigation by SITY I (1310 BC),
NKHAW (610 BC), Persian King DARIUSSLI POLEMY II (285 BC), Emperor TRAJAN
(117 AD) and AMRO IBN ELASS, following the Islamic conquest.
In modern times the Suez Canal is actually the first canal directly
linking the Mediterranean to the Red sea.
Excavation of the present Canal begun on April 25, 1859 and was opened
for international navigation on November 17, 1869. The Canal has been
closed five times.
The longest period of closure was following the 1967 war, when the canal
was closed during 8 years. The Canal was reopened for navigation on
June 5, 1975.